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safetysmFlightcare Membership Program

Enloe Medical Center offers a valuable service called the FlightCare Membership Program. For pennies a day, this pre-paid healthcare program can protect people from the potential high cost of air ambulance services.

A $45 annual Family Membership fee assures that members will not be billed for out-of-pocket expenses when FlightCare or a reciprocating emergency air service transports them or the dependants of their immediate family. The FlightCare Membership Plan covers reasonable and medically appropriate use of our air ambulance or that of a reciprocating program.

Individual Memberships are also available, as are Corporate Memberships for groups of eight or more. All membership fees help keep us flying.

Free application

Download an application for the FlightCare Membership Program, or call for one at 530.332.6774.

Safe Riders! Snowmobile Safety Awareness Program

Welcome to the Safe Riders! Snowmobile Safety Awareness Program. Here you will find all the information you need about basic snowmobile safety. Each section will give you full descriptions of snowmobile safety and at the end, short quizzes to test your knowledge. This program is meant to supplement information provided by the state or province in which you register and/or ride your snowmobile.


Cold Weather Injuries
Frostbit, hypothermia and snow blindness are the most common snowmobiling injuries.  Recognizing the early symptoms of these injuries and knowing how to treat them is important and can prevent undue permanent injury and possibly death.  For you own others protection, enroll in a certified first aid course
Frostbite: The crystallization, either superficially or deeply, of the fluids and underlying soft tissues of the skin, is the most common cold weather injury.  The nose, cheeks, ears, fingers and toes are the area's most commonly affected by frostbit.  Often the victim is now aware of the frostbite until they are told by someone else.  As frostbite develops, the symptoms follow this order.
  1. The affected skin may be slightly flushed.
  2. The skin changes to white or grayish-yellow in appearance.
  3. Pain (often there is no pain) is sometimes felt but subsides later.
  4. Blisters may appear.
  5. The affected part feels intensely cold and numb.
  6. Mental confusion and impairment of judgment set in.
  7. The victim staggers.
  8. Eyesight fails.
  9. The victim falls and may become unconscious.
  10. Shock is evident.
  11. Breathing may cease.

Minor frostbite may be treated by slowly warming the affected area.  Do not rub the frostbitten area.  Severe frostbite must be treated by a Physician.

Hypothermia: The state, at which the body is losing heat fast that it can produce it, drains valuable energy from the body.  As hypothermia develops, the symptoms follow this orderd.
  1. Uncontrolled shivering and fumbling hands.
  2. Numbness and memory lapes.
  3. a Dangerously low body temperature.
  4. Stupor, frequent stumbling and a lurching walk.
  5. Vague slow speech, drowsiness and apparent exhaustion.
  6. The victim collapes.

Hypothermia should be treated by a Physician as soon as possible.  In the meantime, the victim should be covered with warm dry clothing and/or blankets.  The best way to prevent hypothermia is to dress adequately and to stay dry.

Snow Blindness: Snow blindness is a condition snowmobilers may experience during medium-bright to intense sunshine days.  The symptoms are the following:
  1. Severe headache.
  2. Dizziness.
  3. Sensitivity to light and seeing stars.

The recommended treatment is immediate removal to a totally dark area.  Snow blindness can be prevented by wearing the proper-lensed goggles or properly colored face shield.

Emergency Situations
All snowmobiles are advised to be prepared for an emergency situation at all times.  Informing someone of your intended journey and time expected to return is good insurance for your safety.  If while riding a snowmobile on a trail, an accident is encountered or if the snowmobile breaks down and cannot be fixed. YOU are involved in an emergency situation!  If confronted with an emergency situation, three things to remember are to stay calm, dry and warm.  Panic and exhaustion can lead to needless chances that can result in injury or death.  Plan actions and do not attempt to walk through extremely deep snow as is could take two to three days to cover the area traveled by a snowmobile in 20 or 30 minutes.
Suggested Extra Equipment
Space blanket, candy bars, water proof matches, flashlight, extra spark plugs, first aid kit, snow shoes, extra gloves, socks, extra drive belt, pocket knife, extra starter rope, tool kit, shovel, axe or saw, flares, metal cup or kettle, tarp or plastic sheet.
There are several steps which will make a survival situation easier.  It is imperative to remember that the best fool of survival is your brain.  BE sure to use this tool in a survival situation.  The following steps will help save a life.  POSSIBLY YOURS
  1. Do not panic.
  2. Plan a course of action.
  3. Stay together.
  4. Conserve emergy and warmth.
  5. Make an adequate shelter.
  6. Build a fire.
  7. Melt clean snow for water.
  8. Signal for help.

In closing: Join a snowmobile club or help start one.  Read, understand and follow the information in the Operator's Manual and on all decals found on the snowmobile.  Enroll in a certified snowmobile safety course and first aid class.  Be a responsible snowmobiler.  Enjoy snowmobiling and remember, SAFETY FIRST !!

Snowmobile Checklist for This Season

  1. Lubricate the suspension
  2. Lubricate clutch (certain makes & models only)
  3. Change chain case oil
  4. Check chain case tension & adjust
  5. Check drive belt and carry a spare
  6. Know how to change drive belt
  7. Check spark plugs and carry spare set of plugs
  8. Check the track for wear and cuts
  9. Check skis and carbides for wear
  10. Clean air filter
  11. Check fuel filter
  12. Make sure all controls are operating properly
If you are not sure on how to do these, then take it to your dealer and have it serviced. This will help to keep your snowmobile in a safe operating condition.

First Aid Kit Supplies

1) First Aid Care Guide
2) CPR Shield(s)
3) Flashlight
4) Sam Splint
5) Hypo-Thermometer
6) EMT Scissors
7) Splinter Forceps
8) Duct Tape
9) Irrigation Syringe
10) Wound Closure Strips

11) Butterfly Strips
12) Antibiotic Ointment
13) Burn Ointment
14) Antiseptic Wipes
15) Latex style gloves 2 pairs
16) Moleskin
17) Gauze Pads- assortment of sizes
18) Trauma Pads
19) Emergency Space Blankets (2)

20) Triangular Bandage
21) Roller gauze
22) Tylenol or similar medicine
23) Glucose Paste for diabetics
24) Pill Vials
25) Safety Pins
26) Waterproof Matches

Other items to carry when you are snowmobiling: Avalanche probe and beacon, shovel, extra drive belt & spark plugs, tow rope, something to melt snow in and for heating up something to eat or drink.


Sledder’s Pledge

  1. I will never drink and drive on a snowmobile.
  2. I will drive within the limits of my snowmobile and my own abilities.
  3. I will obey the rules and laws of the state or province I am visiting.
  4. I will be careful when crossing roads, and always cross at a right angle to traffic.
  5. I will keep my snowmobile in top shape and follow a pre-op check before each ride.
  6. I will wear appropriate clothing, including gloves, boots, helmet and eye protection.
  7. I will let my family or friends know my planned route, my destination and my expected arrival time.
  8. I will treat other people’ property and rights and lend a hand when I see someone in need.
  9. I will treat the outdoors with respect. I will not litter or damage trees and other vegetation.
  10. I will not snowmobile where prohibited.

Snowmobiler’s Code of Ethics

A snowmobiler will:

  1. Be a good sports enthusiast and recognize that people judge all snowmobilers by your actions. A snowmobiler will use influence with other riders and owners to promote fair conduct.
  2. Not litter trails or trailheads. Nor will they pollute streams or lakes by their actions.
  3. Not damage living trees, shrubs, or other natural features. They will go only where there is sufficient snow cover so as not to damage the land.
  4. Will respect public and private landowner’s property and rights.
  5. Will lend a helping hand when they see someone in distress.
  6. Will make themselves and their snowmobile available to assist search and rescue efforts.
  7. Will not interfere with or harass other trail users, other snowmobilers or other winter sports enthusiast. They will respect the rights of other trail users to enjoy the winter recreational opportunities.
  8. Will know and obey all Federal, State, Provincial and local rules regulating the use of snowmobiles.
  9. Will not harass wildlife and will avoid areas posted for the protection or feeding of wildlife.
  10. Will stay on marked trails when operating in areas where snowmobile use is restricted to trails. Will obey all traffic laws when operating upon plowed roadways designated as open to snowmobiling.


Hi All,

Yes there is really snow in the Sierras, LOTS & LOTS, com'on up, it's free, shovel all you want!!

I have read with great interest, all of the articles on chaining up your vehicles, hummmm.

So here goes a cop's side of the equation...Chains, cables, traction devices, pains in the butt, useless pieces of crap, revenue makers, whatever you want to call them, are a fact of law in California, deal with it! I can't tell you how many times I have been told, "I'm from Colorado, and never needed chains there", I look at the car/truck and see all four corners busted up, or, "I'm a good driver, I have front wheel drive, with new all season tires and my tire guy in San Francisco said that is all I need!"

O.K. Folks, here we go! Each chain control sign has 4 parts, in California, black on white, or white on black, is a law/command, period!

#1 Top part, "CHAINS REQUIRED" no matter what other conditions are added.



(ya still have to have chains, that fit your vehicle with you. Yes, Virginia we have the right to see them, and even inspect them for fit, and repair!)

#3 Speed, In most places, 25 MPH, in a few, 30 MPH.

#4 Bottom Part, Instructional, CARRY CHAINS, if they are not on the tires as required, they must be in the car as required.


Exceptions, If you are towing a trailer in R-1 conditions, you shall, chain the tow vehicle on a driven axel. If your trailer has brakes, you shall, chain an axel with brakes. Do not disable the brakes, this will only get you a citation for doing that, and you still, shall chain the trailer.

If your vehicle has an unladen weight in excess of 6,500 pounds, you shall chain up in R-1 conditions.

The CHP and local Law Enforcement are really enforcing these laws due to quite a few unfortunate incidences.

If you are caught in a chain control area with out chains, you are subject to being towed (as by a tow truck) out of chain control at your own expense. This includes your trailer.

If you have an accident, when you should have chains on, and you do not, the chances are greatly increased that you will be found at fault in the accident. I suggest, (go ahead and hiss and boo now) that even trailers with out brakes have chains fitted and carried. Don't you think that $15k of snowmobiles & a grand worth of trailer is worth some inconvenience on an icy day? The law? NO. Common sense, YES.

If your trailer is 80 inches wide, or more, you shall, carry a set of 3 truckers triangles, to be deployed if you break down on the road.

In California, open hooks on safety chains are illegal, any means of securing them are permissible.

Any safety equipment shall be in good working order, and in operation whenever the vehicle is in motion.

If your snowmobiles are not licensed in your state, you shall have a California "Non Resident Green Sticker" affixed to the snowmobile, to ride in this state. These are available through numerous outlets, motorcycle/snowmobile shops, retailers etc. $20.00 a year. Available in the S. Lake Tahoe area, Lake Tahoe Winter Sports, by the Bug Station. Michaels Cycles, in Carson City, Big Valley, Cope McPheters, and Michaels in Reno.

If you use a Sno-Park, you are required to have a permit...NO Exceptions.

Not all snow tires are created equal, look for a "self Cleaning" lug, with lots of edges, or "swipes" these help to grip the road, tall and skinny is the ideal snow tire. If you live in the mountains I recommend a set of studded tires, many of us have two sets of rims with "winter" & "summer" tires. Chains and cables, by their very design are self cleaning, the snow and ice are thrown off and out while the tire spins, this is the idea of a good snow tire. By the way, an "All Season" tire is not a "Snow Tire", if you have a question about your tire, look at the side wall, If there is a M+S on the side wall then it's a legal snow tire. Don't be fooled by these things, M+S does not guarantee traction, use some common sense. If it looks like it won't grip the snow it most likely will not, then there is the ice! Driving on ice is just UGLY!, chain up even if there is no one to tell you to, you are supposed to be a responsible adult...this is where your chains on the trailer without brakes come in, it is scary as heck going down Woodfords Canyon with your snowmobile trailer jack-knifed against your truck, (personal experience.)

IF YOU DECIDE, (nudge nudge, wink wink) to remove your chains, or not putting them on after going through a chain check point, you are subject to arrest/citation for Refusing to Obey a Lawful Order, a misdemeanor...that means a possibility of being booked...in JAIL.

I hope this little diatribe has been useful, if you have questions or comments feel free to contact me.

Tom Nagel

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